In 2019, economists from MIT, Stanford and the U.S. Census Bureaus, who surveyed 35,000 U.S. production facilities, found that right-to-work laws “encourage incentive management practices.”  In recent years, billionaires have donated millions to right-wing Midwestern governors, who are calling for state right-to-work laws, while funding the current Supreme Court case, Janus v. AFSCME, which will decide whether public workers` unions can claim fees from non-members to support union activities that benefit all workers. As of September 2019, there are laws on the right to work exclusively at the state level. The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, called the Taft-Hartley Act, allowed states to legislate on the right to work. The Taft-Hartley did not allow local jurisdictions (such as cities and counties) within a state to pass their own right-to-work laws. Attempts to do so in states such as Delaware and Illinois have been repressed. However, in 2016, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the right of local governments to pass local right-to-work laws in Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee. Currently, 28 states have right-to-work laws.
These states include: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri (as of August 28, 2017), Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia (currently not in force because there are legal disputes), Wisconsin and Wyoming. Note: If your state is not mentioned, it currently has no right to work, but this area is constantly evolving, please contact a lawyer from your state for more information. On November 18, 2016, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the right of local governments to pass local right-to-work laws in Kentucky. Kentucky had 12 local regulations. In 2017, a national law was passed.  Right to work laws essentially provide for unionized jobs to become “open businesses” where union membership is optional, unlike traditional “closed store” where union membership is mandatory. While regular dues are not deducted from their pay cheques, right-to-work workers (without a union) remain covered by the union. However, they may have to bear the costs of union representation in the event of certain cases, such as continuing complaints on their behalf. Before its passage in 2012, the Republican-controlled Indiana General Assembly passed a Right to Work Act in 1957 that led to the Democratic takeover of the Indiana House of Governors and The General Assembly in the next election, and the new Democratic-controlled legislature, which lifted the right to work in 1965.  The right to work was re-created in 2012.  The New Mexico law had previously remained silent on local right-to-work laws, and Chaves, Eddy, Leah, Lincoln, McKinley, Otero, Roosevelt, Sandoval, San Juan and Sierra County passed such laws.      But in 2019, New Mexico Legislature passed a law prohibiting local right-to-work laws and also stipulating that union membership and union dues may be necessary as a condition for employment in jobs subject to a collective agreement. No. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that no collective agreement can require everyone to join a union.